Chapter 2 Review — Boating Equipment
Before proceeding to the quiz, take a moment to review some of the highlights from Chapter 2 — Boat Equipment.
TYPES OF PERSONAL FLOTATION DEVICES (PFD)
In this chapter the first topic covered had to do with the different types of personal flotation devices (lifejackets) and their attributes.
First and foremost, one of the more important requirements to be considered when choosing a personal flotation device is that it MUST be approved by the U.S. Coast Guard.
Some of the different types of Personal Flotation Devices are:
TYPE I — OFFSHORE LIFEJACKETS are designed for open, rough or remote waters. Type I PFDs also offer the GREATEST amount of buoyancy.
TYPE II — NEAR-SHORE BUOYANT PFDs are designed for calm, inland waters.
TYPE III — FLOTATION AID PFDs, like Type II's are designed for calm inland waters. However, a disadvantage of the Type III is that it will NOT turn an unconscious person face-up.
TYPE IV — THROWABLE DEVICES, are required onboard ALL boats 16 feet or longer. A disadvantage of the Type IV is that it is not designed to be worn.
REQUIREMENTS FOR PFDs
It is important to remember that according to Federal law, a personal flotation device is no longer approved if it is ripped or torn. It is the operator's responsibility to ensure that all of the required equipment is onboard; not having enough life jackets for everyone onboard a boat is both illegal and hazardous.
In addition, all passengers onboard a personal watercraft (PWC) MUST wear an approved PFD designed for the activity.
PFD SIZING AND AVAILABILITY
It is crucial that PFDs are the proper size for the intended wearer. A properly fitted PFD should be a relatively snug fit.
PFDs, if not worn, should always be kept in an open area onboard the boat to allow for quick access in case of emergency.
Always clean your PFDs with a mild soap and running water.
Inflatable PFDs are not inherently buoyant and will not float without inflation. This means that inflatable PFDs must be worn in order to meet legal requirements.
Additionally, they are NOT meant for high impact sports such as waterskiing, riding personal watercraft, or white water paddling.
Inflatable PFDs are better suited for activities like fishing.