Utah Boating Safety Course


CHAPTER 2: Boating Equipment

PERSONAL FLOTATION DEVICE TYPES AND CARRIAGE

Personal Flotation Devices (PFDs)terminology for a life preserver, either a jacket or throwable device. can save lives, especially when worn. Therefore, the U.S. Coast Guard requires PFDs on board all vessels. When choosing a PFD, please ensure that it can support your size and weight and is approved by the U.S. Coast Guard.

PFD TYPE

BEST FOR

DISADVANTAGES

NOTES

TYPE I:

OFFSHORE LIFE JACKET

 

All waters, especially open, rough, or remote waters where rescue can be delayed

Large and awkward; difficult to swim in

Adult size: 22 lb. of buoyancy.

Child size: 11 lb. of buoyancy.

Will turn unconscious wearers to face-up position.

TYPE II:

NEAR-SHORE BUOYANT VEST

Calm, inland waters The navigable waters of the United States shoreward of the navigational demarcation lines dividing the high seas from harbors, rivers, and other inland waters of the United States, and the waters of the Great Lakes on the United States side of the International Boundary. where there is a good chance of rescue

May not turn some unconscious wearers face-up

Adult size: 15 1/2 lb. of buoyancy.

Child size: 11 lb. of buoyancy.

Infant size: 7 lb. of buoyancy.

Will turn some unconscious wearers to face-up position.

TYPE III:

FLOTATION AID

Calm, inland waters where there is a good chance of rescue

Wearers must put themselves in face-up position

Same buoyancy as Type II.

examples:

Float coat, fishing vest, water sport vest.

TYPE IV:

THROWABLE DEVICE

All waters where help is present

Not designed to be worn; intended for use in waters with heavy boat traffic

Designed to be thrown and grasped until rescued; never worn.

examples:

Cushions, ring buoys, horseshoe buoys

TYPE V:

SPECIAL USE DEVICE

Specific activities; check approval condition on label

Some Type Vs are designed for cooler climates and others are approved only when worn

Some Type V devices provide hypothermiaa drop in body temperature below the normal level. protection.

examples:

Deck suits, work vests, boardsailing vests