Chapter 4 Review — Emergency Preparedness
Before proceeding to the quiz for Chapter 4 — Emergency Preparedness, take a moment to review some of the chapter's highlights.
If involved in an accident, you are required to exchange information with the other operator.
Additionally, operators must always assist those in the accident without endangering their own life or the safety of their vessel. If you see a distress signal, you should assist those in distress if you can do so without putting your vessel or crew at risk.
PREVENTING A CAPSIZING
The following actions could help to prevent a capsizing:
SURVIVING A CAPSIZING/FALL OVERBOARD
If someone does fall overboard:
Assign one person to keep sight of the overboard person.
Slow down, stop if possible, and throw something buoyant to assist the person overboard.
Carefully maneuver to recover the overboard person — keep them on the operator's side of the boat.
The following actions could help to survive a capsizing or fall overboard:
Improvise flotation with floating items like coolers.
Try to right the boat or get onto the capsized boat.
Stay with the boat unless it is headed for a hazard.
Stay calm and conserve energy.
COLD WATER IMMERSION
Many drownings and boating related fatalities are a result of cold water immersion, which is why if you do end up in cold water due to an accident or emergency situation, it is important to get your body out of the water as soon as possible.
If you fall into cold water, you will only retain the motor skills needed to swim for about 10 to 30 minutes. In cold water immersion cases, boaters often drown as a result of swimming failure — NOT hypothermia.
During longer-term immersion, as the body's core temperature falls, a person will eventually lapse into unconsciousness.