Alabama Boating Safety Requirements
Personal Flotation Devices (PFDs aka Life Jackets)
When boating in Alabama, you are required to have a wearable PFD available for each person on board your boat. In addition, if your vessel is longer than 16 feet, you must also have at least one U.S. Coast Guard approved Type IV PFD, either a ring buoy or seat cushion.
There are some exceptions to this requirement, including:
- Personal Watercraft;
- Canoes, kayaks; and
- Inflatable rafts.
Passengers being towed behind a vessel must wear a U.S. Coast Guard Approved PFD at all times that is designed for the activity.
All persons on a personal watercraft must wear a PFD while underway.
Inflatable PFDs are not approved for children and should not be used for high impact sports such as water skiing or operating a personal watercraft.
If you are operating a vessel within 800 feet of any hydro-electric dam or navigational lock or dam, all persons on board must be wearing a U.S. Coast Guard approved PFD (either type I, II, III or IV) in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.
Child PFD Requirements
All boaters or passengers under 8 years of age are required to wear a PFD while on board, unless they are below deck or in an enclosed cabin.
Boating Age Requirements
Persons who are under the age of 12 may not, in any instance, operate a motorized vessel including personal watercraft.
In accordance with the Roberson/Archer Act of 1994, all persons who operate a motorized vessel, including personal watercraft, on Alabama’s waters are required to obtain an Alabama Boat Operators Certificate.
Boat operators must be at least 12 years of age to receive their Alabama Boat Operators Certificate.
The Boating Safety Enhancement Act which came into effect on January 1, 2002 set the minimum age for operating a motorized vessel without direct adult supervision at 14 years of age. However, there are certain exceptions to this rule; the following may operate a vessel without adult supervision:
- Residents of the state of Alabama who were 12 years of age or older on January 1, 2002 that have obtained their Boat Operators Certificate.
- Residents of the state of Alabama who had obtained a Boat Operators Certificate prior to January 1, 2002.
- Non-Residents aged between 12 and 14 years, who had obtained a Boat Operators Certificate in their home state prior to January 1, 2002.
- A non-resident 12 years old but less than 14 years old who has not obtained an operator’s license, or who has an operator license from his or her home state may not operate a vessel unless there is a person 21 years old or older with a valid operator’s license (unless a non-resident) on board and in a position to take immediate physical control of the vessel if necessary. Non-residents 14 years old or older may operate alone in Alabama under the 45 day grace period.
Alcohol & Boating Under the Influence (BUI)
A boater with a blood alcohol content of .08% or more is presumed to be under the influence of alcohol. This also applies to persons under the influence of:
- Any controlled substance;
- Alcohol and any combination of controlled substances; or
- Any substances which mentally or physically impair a person's normal functioning.
If you are found guilty of Boating Under the Influence, or BUI, your boat operating privileges will be revoked for a period of 90 days, you may face fines of up to $2,100 and also face the possibility of imprisonment for up to one year.
If found guilty of BUI a second time, boat operating privileges will be revoked for a period of one year, you will face fines of up to $5,100, and the possibility of imprisonment for up to one year, but not less than 5 days or a minimum of 30 days of community service.
Upon a third BUI conviction, you will lose your boat operating privileges for a period of three years, face fines of up to $10,100 as well as the possibility of imprisonment for up to a maximum of one year, but not less than 60 days.
Alabama Boat Registration
The Marine Police Division of the Department of Natural Resources regulates the boating laws in Alabama.
All powered watercraft (including gasoline, diesel and electric motors) that are operated mainly on Alabama waters must be registered. Some vessels are exempt from the boat registration requirements, including those that are:
- Non-motorized, not including sailboats and vessels for rental.
- Currently registered and kept in another state;
- Holding a valid temporary Certificate of Number;
- Registered in a country other than the U.S. and using Alabama waters only on a temporary basis;
- A ship's lifeboat; or
- Owned by either federal, state, county or municipal governments within the U.S.
To register, renew or transfer ownership, you can visit your local county Judge of Probate or License Commissioner. You can also register or renew your vessel registration, only with proof of payment of sales and use tax, at the Marine Police Division office in Montgomery.
An application can be downloaded and filled out prior to registering at the Probate, License Commissioner’s or Marine Police Office. Be sure to bring all documentation such as previous registration, bill of sale, and proof of payment of sales tax with the application.
Certificate of Number
As a boat owner in Alabama, you must have at least a valid temporary certificate of number before you can legally operate on state waters. Once the registration has been issued, you are required to:
- Sign the certificate and carry it on board when operating; and
- Notify the Alabama Marine Police Division within 15 days if you change residences, or if the vessel has been lost, stolen, destroyed, or abandoned.
Your registration is valid for one year from the date of issue. The date of required renewal depends on the first letter of the vessel owner’s last name. For more information, visit the Outdoor Alabama website.
Cost to Register a Boat in Alabama
When you successfully register your vessel, you'll receive a certificate and a decal.
Your permanent registration number appears on the right-hand side of the certificate preceded by the letters AL. This number must be placed on each side of the bow of the registered vessel in a position that is clearly visible at all times.
The number must also be:
- BLOCK characters, no less than three inches high and contrasting with the background color of your boat;
- Separated by letters with a space or a hyphen; and
- Read from left to right; For example: AL 1234 BX or AL-1234-BX.
The validation decal must be displayed within 6 inches before or after and in line with the registration numbers on both sides of the boat's bow.
It's your responsibility to make sure your boat is properly marked and documented. It's also a good idea to always keep your papers with the boat, in a waterproof case for safe keeping.
See the following chart for a list of registration fees.
Class I Registration
$11.00 plus $1.00 issuance fee
Class II Registration
$15.00 plus $1.00 issuance fee
Class III Registration
$30.00 plus $1.00 issuance fee
Class IV Registration
$50.00 plus $1.00 issuance fee
Class V (Dealer) Registration
$26.00 for initial, $4.00 for each additional dealer tag
Transfer of a Vessel's Ownership
(Applies to vessels with a current year registration but needing to be transferred into the new owner's name)
$1.00 plus .25 issuance fee
Transfer/Renewal(If the vessel has no current registration, the class fee will also apply to transfer the vessel into the new owner's name)
$1.00 plus .25 issuance fee
Aquatic Nuisance Species
Non-native aquatic species, plants, fish and animals are invading Alabama’s waters. Hydrilla, Egeria Densa, water hyacinth and zebra mussels are nuisance species that can be accidentally transported by recreational boaters when caught in propellers, intakes or attached to hulls. These pests can multiply dramatically under the right conditions, displacing native species, clogging waterways, and impacting navigation and recreation. Once introduced, they are nearly impossible to eliminate.
To help prevent the introduction and spread of non-native species from
one body of water to another, you should take the following actions:
- Before leaving a body of water, inspect your boat and dispose of any animals or aquatic plants.
- Flush raw-water cooling systems and clean sea strainers before moving your boat from one body of water to another.
- Empty bait buckets and remove any plant fragments from bait wells, fishing gear, trailers, dive gear or props.
- Dispose on land into a garbage receptacle.
- Drain all water from your bilge, motor and live wells.
- Wash your boat before putting it into a new body of water; and
- Report new infestation of non-native aquatic species to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
Personal Watercraft Laws & Regulations
Personal watercraft are very powerful for their size and demand the same respect as any boat. Likewise, PWC operators are required to follow the same rules and regulations as any powerboat operator, including registering with the state and carrying a B-1 fire extinguisher on board. In addition, there are specific requirements for PWC operated in Alabama.
- The operator and all passengers of a PWC must wear a U.S. Coast Guard approved PFD at all times.
- Persons can only be towed behind a PWC if the watercraft is equipped with rearview mirrors on both the left and right sides. Each mirror must have a viewing area of 2.5 inches in height by 4 inches in width for a total minimum viewing area of 20 square inches. The mirrors must not be attached to the steering portion of the PWC.
Hours of Operation
PWCs may be operated at all hours of the day, but must be fitted with the required lights in order to operate between sunset and sunrise.
PWC operators in Alabama must be at least twelve (12) years old, but cannot operate without adult supervision until at least fourteen (14) years of age. Operators must have an Alabama Boat Operators Certificate.