New York Boating Safety Requirements


Personal Flotation Devices (PFDs aka Life Jackets)

Every pleasure vessel including canoes, kayaks and rowboats operated upon the waters of NYS must have on board one United States Coast Guard approved wearable Personal Flotation Device (PFD) for each person on the vessel.




  • The state of New York requires one wearable Type I, II, III, or V PFD for each person that is aboard a vessel. All PFDs must be readily accessible.
  • In addition to the above requirement, one Type IV U.S. Coast Guard-approved PFD must be on board vessels 16 feet or longer and readily accessible.
  • Type V PFDs are approved but must be worn to be considered legal.
  • Flotation devices that are ripped or in poor condition are not considered approved.
  • All Personal Watercraft (PWC) occupants must be wearing a PFD.
  • Any person towed behind a vessel must be wearing a PFD.
  • All persons on any vessel (this includes motor boats, sailboats, kayaks, canoes, or rowboats) less than 21 feet, must wear a life jacket from November 1 to May 1 when underway.



Children under 12 years of age, on any vessel 65 feet or less in length must wear a U.S. Coast Guard approved type I, II or III PFD, while underway.

The foregoing requirements do not apply to children less than 12 years of age when situated within a fully enclosed cabin.

In order for any PFD to be considered properly worn all straps and/or zippers must be tied or zipped.

Boating Age Requirements

Motorized Vessels, Excluding PWC

Persons under 10 years of age

Not able to operate a boat alone. Students must be at least 10 years to take a boating safety course.

Persons born after May 1, 1996

Must be at least 10 yrs of age and have proof have proof of successful completion of an approved boating safety course OR be under the direct supervision of an adult over the age of 18 who holds a boating safety certificate, or any adult born before May 1, 1996.

Or, if the operator is the owner of a recently purchased vessel he or she may operate the vessel without the otherwise required boating safety certificate for a period not exceeding one hundred and twenty days from the date of purchase. The provisions of this subdvision do not apply to persons who are: born before April 30, 1996; certified by the commisioner as boating safety instructors; members of the United States Power Squadrons; members of the United States Coast Guard Auxillary; holders of public vessel licenses pursuant to section 64 of this article; police officers, peace officers, fire personnel, rescue personnel or lifeguards, when any such person is acting pursuant to assigned duties; or licensed to operate vessels by the United States Coast Guard or the Canadian Coast Guard. The commissioner, by rule or regulation, may provide the exemption of additional persons not listed in this paragraph from the requirements of this section.

Persons 18 years of age and older

Persons born before May 1, 1996 may operate without restriction.

Personal Watercraft (PWC)

Persons 14 years of age and older

Must have proof of successful completion of an approved safe boating course.

Anyone 14 years of age or older may operate if accompanied* on the same personal watercraft by a person who is at least 18 years of age and is the holder of a boating safety certificate.

* Note: Accompanied means upon the same vessel.



Alcohol & Boating Under the Influence (BUI)

No one may operate a vessel on the waters of New York State while impaired or intoxicated either through the consumption of alcohol or drugs. New York law prescribes heavy fines, imprisonment, and the suspension of operator privileges for violators. In New York, if you are stopped for suspicion of impaired operation and refuse to voluntarily submit to a breath test, your privilege to operate may be immediately suspended, pending a hearing. A person shall be considered under the influence of alcohol if the ratio of alcohol in the blood is 0.08 per cent or more.




Zero Tolerance under 21:

If the operator is under 21 years of age and is caught drinking while operating a vessel, their operating privileges will be suspended or revoked.

New York State Boat Registration

The New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation regulates the state boating laws in the state of New York.

All vessels propelled by machinery, including gasoline, diesel and electric motors, and principally operated on New York waters must be registered and issued a New York Certificate of Registration by the New York State Department of Motor Vehicles.

The following vessels are exempt from state registration requirements:

  • vessels operating commercially with either a U.S. or foreign document
  • vessels legally registered in another state (up to 90 consecutive days maximum)
  • foreign registered boats temporarily using New York State waters
  • lifeboats (not including tenders and dinghies)
  • competition race boats
  • non-mechanically propelled vessels; and
  • government vessels

Certificate of Registration

The registration certificate is your proof of current registration. It may also be your only proof of ownership unless the vessel is titled or documented.

Vessel operators, whether they are the owner or not, must carry the vessel's original certificate of registration onboard at all times.




Change of Ownership

When a vessel is sold, the certificate of registration or title must be signed over to the new owner. The original owner should notify the Department of Motor Vehicles of the name and address of the new owner, as well as the date of transfer and the registration number of the vessel. In order to protect yourself when transferring ownership of any vessel, the validation stickers should be removed from the hull prior to turning the boat over to the new owner. This will ensure that the new owner will not use the vessel until it has been properly registered with Motor Vehicles in his or her name.

Change of Address

The owner of any registered vessel must notify the Department of Motor Vehicles within ten (10) days of a change in address. This change should also be noted on the registration certification.

Boat Lost or Stolen

If a boat is stolen, lost, abandoned, or destroyed, the owner must notify the Department of Motor Vehicles in writing within fifteen (15) days. The local law enforcement agency should be notified when a lost or stolen boat is recovered.

Renewals

The Department of Motor Vehicles will send you a registration renewal at the appropriate time. Check to see that all information on the renewal is correct, then sign and return the renewal notice along with the specified fee.

Cost to Register a Boat in New York State

When a vessel with propulsion machinery is successfully registered, the boat owner is issued, a certificate of number or registration, physical boat numbers and a decal. The registration must be kept on board the vessel at all times.

The registration number consists of the letters "NY" followed by four numbers and two letters. A space, or hyphen, the width of a letter, must separate the first and last two letters from the four middle numbers. For example, NY 1234 AB or NY-1234-AB. The numbers must be painted or permanently attached to both sides of the vessels bow, should read from left to right, be of block letters not less than three inches in height, and of a color that contrasts with that of the hull.


The registration number should be the only number on the forward half of the vessel and should be clearly visible and readable from a distance of at least one hundred (100) feet during daylight hours. This number may not be transferred to another vessel.

See the following chart for a list of registration fees.

REGISTRATION ITEM FEE SURCHARGE

VESSELS LESS THAN 16'

$22.50

$3.75

VESSELS 16' TO LESS THAN 26'

$45.00

$12.50

VESSELS 26' OR LONGER

$75.00

$18.75

Aquatic Nuisance Species

Non-native aquatic species (plants, fish and animals) are invading New York's waters. These pests can increase dramatically under the right conditions, displacing native species, clogging waterways, and impacting navigation and recreation.

Once introduced, they are nearly impossible to eliminate. Zebra Mussels are nuisance species that can be accidentally transported by recreational boaters when caught in propellers, intakes or attached to hulls.





To help prevent the introduction and spread of non-native species from
one body of water to another, you should:

  • Inspect your boat and remove aquatic plants or animals before you leave any body of water.
  • Flush raw-water cooling systems and clean sea strainers before moving your boat from one body of water to another.
  • Empty bait buckets and remove any plant fragments from bait wells, fishing gear, trailers, dive gear or props. Dispose on land into a garbage receptacle.
  • Drain water from your motor, live wells and bilge.
  • Wash your boat before putting it into a new body of water.
  • Report new infestation of non-native aquatic species to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

Personal Watercraft Laws & Regulations

State law specifically regulates the operation of personal watercraft (PWC), and while most sections of the navigation law also apply to all PWC.

The following are specific regulations regarding their operation:

PWC LAWS AND REGULATIONS

PFDs

must be worn by each person on or towed behind (strength tested models recommended). Fully inflatable PFDs must not be used.

Engine Cutoff (Lanyard)

if so equipped must be functional and attached to the operator.

Horn, Whistle

capable of a two second blast, audible ½ mile must be carried aboard.

Visual Distress Equipment (VDS)

a fluorescent orange flag (1 foot square) or other appropriate U.S. Coast Guard approved distress signaling device must be carried aboard.

Backfire Flame Arrestor

manufacturer installed, must not be removed as it prevents explosion/fire.

Ventilators

manufacturer installed, do not remove, removes potentially explosive vapors from engine/fuel space.

Note: Although an anchor and fire extinguisher are not required under state law, Federal rules do require a fire extinguisher on board all PWCs.




Hours of Operation

Personal watercraft may only be operated between sunrise and sunset. The installation of an aftermarket light kit will NOT allow you to legally operate a PWC at night.

Age Requirements

All personal watercraft operators must be 14 years of age or older and must successfully complete a boating safety education course to operate personal watercraft in the state of New York.